Oil is an essential source of energy in our daily life. Whether it is oil or cooking oil, it is closely related to us. The process of getting oil is not simple and usually requires the use of a relatively complex refining process. Especially in the smelting of oil, the process is even more profound and complex.
No matter what kind of oil smelting, in the process of refining will produce some other substances, and these substances are not waste, but on the contrary, have multiple uses, so what are the products of oil refining?
What are the refinery products?
Professional technical article The top 10 refining production lines for cost performance in 2021 shows that oil plays a significant role in our lives, whether it is oil or vegetable oil, in the smelting process will produce some other substances. Typical products in oil are gasoline, diesel, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, etc., while vegetable oil in the refining process usually produces some soybean meal, rapeseed meal, etc.
Petroleum and vegetable oil will have different products in the refining process. After processing and refining, the products that can be obtained from petroleum can be roughly divided into four categories.
I. Petroleum fuels
Petroleum fuels are the most used oil products and can be divided into the following five categories according to their use and scope of use.
1. Ignition engine fuels include aviation gasoline, automotive gasoline, etc.
2. Jet engine fuel (jet fuel) has aviation kerosene.
3. compression-ignition engine fuel (diesel fuel) has high-speed, medium-speed, low-speed diesel.
4. Liquefied petroleum gas fuel that is a liquid hydrocarbon.
5. Boiler fuel has furnace fuel oil and fuel oil for ships.
II. Lubricating oil and grease
Lubricants and greases are used to reduce friction between machine parts, protect them in order to prolong their service life, and save power. Their quantity only accounts for about 5% of all petroleum products, but there are many varieties of them.
III. Bitumen and petroleum coke
They are further processed from the production of fuels and lubricants, and their output is about a few percent of the crude oil processed.
VI. solvents and petrochemicals
The latter is an essential basic raw material and intermediate for the organic synthesis industry.
As for the refining process of some vegetable oils, many products can be produced in the refining process. Taking the standard soybean oil as an example, depending on the technical level of enterprises, some enterprises can produce several kinds of products, while others can produce dozens of by-products.
1. Primary by-products.
Soybean meal, phospholipids, soybean hulls, germ, etc. If there is refining, it will also produce deodorized effluent.
2. Reprocessed products.
A little more processing can produce fatty acid methyl ester, vitamin E, etc.
3. Deep-processed products.
Sterols, saponins, monoglycerides, oligosaccharides, isoflavones, tocopherols, etc.
Therefore, no matter which oil is refined, it will bring us a lot of beneficial by-products. For ordinary people, the refining industry that they can directly contact and participate in is refining vegetable oil. You just need to choose a high-quality Refining oil production line and then use relatively high-quality raw materials; you can produce high-quality edible oil.
Nowadays, there are various ways to refine edible oil.
1. Pressing method of the oil production process
Peanut fruit as an example: cleaning → shelling → crushing → embryo rolling → steaming → pressing → peanut crude oil (gross oil)
2. Leaching method of the oil production process
Take soybean as an example: cleaning → crushing → softening → embryo rolling → leaching → evaporation → steam extraction → soybean crude oil (gross oil)
3. Oil refining process
Crude oil (crude oil) → filtration → hydration (degumming) → alkali refining (deacidification) → decolorization → deodorization → finished product.
Refining oil production line is the food machinery used by many famous enterprises. The production line is made of food-grade stainless steel, durable, easy to operate and maintain, and the whole production line only needs 1-2 people to complete the production, low labor costs. In addition, the production line is inexpensive, and manufacturers can get the highest return with the lowest investment, but also can get a lot of by-products. We can also provide manufacturers with a variety of different power equipment to meet the production needs of manufacturers.
If you also want to get a more outstanding achievement in the oil refining industry, welcome to contact us. We will provide you with the most satisfactory service.